Structure of ETA
by: Jackie Calderon
Structure of ETA:
Upper Division: Committees
- Zuzendaritza Batzordea (directorial committee)-The leading committee is formed by 7 to 11 individuals, and ETA’s internal documentation refers to it as Zuba
- Zuba-hitu – it is another committee named that functions as an advisory committee.
- They then have 11 different substructures: logistics, politics, international relations with fraternal organizations, military operations, reserves, prisoner support, expropriation, information, recruitment, negotiation, and treasury.
Lower Division: ETA’s Armed Operations
Each operation is organized in different taldes (“groups”) or commandos, generally composed of three to five members, whose objective is to conduct attacks in a specific geographic zone.
- Taldes: are coordinated by the cúpula militar (“military cupola”). To supply the taldes, support groups maintain safe houses and zulos (small rooms concealed in forests, garrets or underground, used to store arms, explosives or, sometimes, kidnapped people; the Basque word zuloliterally means “hole”).
- Legales/legalak (“legal ones”): those members who do not have police records and live apparently normal lives;liberados (“liberated”) members known to the police that are on ETA’s payroll and working full-time for ETA
- Apoyos (“support”): who just give occasional help and logistics support to the organization when required
- Quemados (“burnt out”): members freed after having been imprisoned or those that the organization suspect under police vigilance. In the past there was also the figure of the deportees, expelled by the French government to remote countries where they live freely.