Politics and Objectives of ETA
by: Jackie Calderon
The political party Batasuna pursues the same political goals as ETA and does not condemn ETA’s use of violence. Formerly known as Euskal Herritarrok and “Herri Batasuna”, it is presently banned by the Spanish Supreme Court as an anti-democratic organization following the Political Parties Law (Ley de Partidos Políticos), It generally received 8% to 15% of the vote in theBasque Autonomous Community.
Batasuna’s political status is controversial. It was considered to be the political wing of ETA. Moreover, after the investigations on the nature of the relationship between Batasuna and ETA by Judge Baltasar Garzón, who suspended the activities of the political organisation and ordered police to shut down its headquarters, the Supreme Court of Spain finally declared Batasuna illegal on 18 March 2003. The court considered proven that Batasuna had links with ETA and that it constituted in fact part of ETA’s structure. In 2003, the Constitutional Tribunal upheld the legality of the law.
- ETA wants an independent French state in the Basque region.
- ETA believes the Basque are a distinct nation and that it should have a sovereign state identity or, at the least, an autonomous status.