Pai Lang [the White Wolf]
“Figures varied regarding the number of men under the command of this guerrilla
“Pai Lang [also seen as Bai Lang or Pai Ling], which means literally “White Wolf”, was the terrible bandit who terrorized central China from the autumn of 1913 until he was killed on August 5, 1914. In eastern Henan, Bai Lang came to be considered an “ex-coolie gangster” whose name was invoked by local mothers to frighten naughty children. While most of Yuan Shih-kai ‘s trouble was in the south, in 1914 he had to suppress the bandit rebels of Pai-Ling (White Wolf) in the northwest. White Wolf operated in the provinces of Honan, Hupeh, Anhui and Kansu, where he led an army of revolutionaries, religious fanatics and plain brigands who looted villages, plundered towns and terrorized the countryside. Moving swiftly and secretly, his army was able to take the worthless government garrisons and police forces of the various towns by surprise; the place looted, they would depart as suddenly as they came.”
chieftain. Wherever he went, to give the account in the London daily, “crime and ruffianism are let loose with terrible consequences.” When the bandits were on the move, thousands of coolies were commandeered to transport the baggage and ammunition. “The bandits are totally devoid of regard for human life and shoot down victims on the slightest pretext.” The country people were too terrified to give in formation of much value to the troops in pursuit of the great bandit.”
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