He was re-elected president of the Republic during a referendum on the presidency in 1987, 1993, 1999 and 2005 for five consecutive terms. Many called for amending the constitution to allow multiple candidates for the presidency and to be elected directly instead of the referendum. Thus, his reign is one of the longest periods of rule in the Arab region. In February 2005, Hosni Mubarak was invited to amend Article 76 of the Egyptian Constitution and how to choose the President of the Republic. The People’s Assembly voted in favor of this constitutional amendment, which made the presidency directly elected for the first time in Egypt by citizens and not by referendum. Securely and economically, so far, it is challenging to be able to achieve it and waste it for public money. It was found in favor of investors and capital only. During his time there was an increase in labor strikes, the spread of torture in police stations and criminal investigations, and the intensification of violence against women.
On January 25, 2011 began a wave of demonstrations reached its peak on Friday, January 28, where the number of participants by eight million people across Egypt, and faced the Egyptian regime of these demonstrations violently led to the deaths of hundreds, especially in the city of Suez, the demonstrations evolved until the withdrawal of troops Police and the Central Security of the Egyptian streets, on the fourth day (Friday, January 28) the army was brought down into the cities and the army leadership announced that it would not be exposed to the demonstrators, Mubarak made two speeches during the events, announced in the first of a set of decisions described as reforms, In the second he will not run for a presidential term c After the demonstrations, he began shouting slogans pro-Mubarak and clashed with the protesters demanding the overthrow of Mubarak’s rule in several areas, most notably Tahrir Square in central Cairo in the absence of the intervention of the army.
On February 10, 2011, his deputy, Omar Suleiman, was delegated in a statement to the people, but the statement did not receive any approval. As a result, the demonstrations intensified and millions took to the streets demanding his departure. After a delay of 18 days, the president stepped down under the pressure of the January 25 revolution on February 11, Supreme Council of the Egyptian Armed Forces. Millions poured into the streets of Cairo and other Arab cities to celebrate his departure, especially in Tahrir Square.
During Mubarak’s era, Egyptian people suffered oppression and the corruption within the government system. Economically Egypt was so poor comparing to the resources the Egypt has. For example, Suez can benefit the egyptian economy in so many ways for a long run. Also, Egypt had relied on external investors and that basically removed the middle class in the Egyptian population. However, the corruptions that existed during Mubarak’s era had the people come out to the streets and protest for a new president. On Feb 25th, Millions of Egyptians started demonstrating in Tahrir Square, where Egypt exposed to a new era of liberty.