United Nations Peacekeeping
The present United Nations (UN) Charter was ratified on June 26, 1945. The UN replaced the League of Nations which was created by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919.
According to the UN Charter, Chapter 1 – Purpose and Principles, are as follows:
Article 1 – Purpose
- To maintain international peace and security;
- To develop friendly relations among nations; and
- To achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights.
Article 2 – Principles
- All of its members are equal;
- All members must fulfill in good faith their Charter obligations;
- International disputes are to be settled by peaceful means;
- Members may not use force or the threat of force against other members;
- Members must help the United Nations in any action it might take in accordance with the Charter;
- The United Nations may not interfere in the domestic affairs of any state.
Currently there are 193 member states. Click link for full list of member states: http://www.un.org/en/members/index.shtml
United Nations Global Issue – Terrorism
Security Council adopted Resolution 1373
- Prevent and suppress the financing and preparation of terrorist acts.
- Criminalize the collection of funds by their nationals for the purpose of carrying out terrorist acts.
- Freeze without delay funds and other financial assets.
The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 brought this new adoption of increased actions taken against terrorism.
United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy
Counter terrorism measures taken to improve efforts against terrorism.
All UN Member States agreed to implement the strategy to fight terrorism.