OUR last Review brought on the great Argument of the Hungarians being the Causes of the War with the Turks, in 1682.
And first, I might ask our Opponents to produce any other Reason for that War; and to shew us, what even the Turks themselves had to alledge against the Emperor?
In all the Embassies the Emperor made to the Port, and in all the Treaties with the Turks, there was not one Pretence ever offered, why the Port was disgusted; no such thing as Reparation or Satisfaction Demanded, but in the last offer, which the Turk ever made to the Emperor; this was the main thing the Bassa insisted on, viz. That it should be Lawful for the Turks to assist the Malecontents of Hungaria.
Now let any Man but consider, what sort of a Peace this must have been, that the Emperor must have been ty’d up to have acted no Hostilities on the Turks, and at the same time they were at Liberty to have brought down the whole Force of the Ottoman Empire upon him, under the specious sham of assisting the Hungarians–
Now as Peace was refused to the Emperor, but on Condition of Supporting the Hungarians; Will any say from thence, that the Hungarians were not the cause of the War – I am glad we see the bringing the Turks down on the Empire, appears a thing so black, that these Gentlemen are willing to purge the Hungarians from the guilt of it; indeed I rather expected they would have Vindicated the Fact, and insisted upon the Lawfulness and Reasonableness of it, which might be done from the same Principle, that they wish’d the Turks should take Vienna; but since the Consequence of things has open’d their Eyes, and they are satisfied, that the Taking of that City, or the Success of the Turks in General, would have been Fatal to all Europe, and the Protestant Interest in General; they would now clear the Hungarians from the Charge, and Tax me with Partiality, and false History.
But here they have the Misfortune to be Notoriously out in their Account; for that the Turks not only made the Assisting the Hungarians, the main Article of the War, but the forementioned Articles between the Hungarians and the Turks; the whole Matter is too plain to be denied.
There it appears, that before the Turks had broken the Peace with the Emperor, the Hungarians and Count Teckely had made Capitulations with the Turk, and that it was impossible the Turk could keep those Articles without breaking with the Emperor.
If then the Hungarians engag’d the Turks in such Articles, as they could not perform, without breaking with the Emperor; and that in pursuance of those very Articles, the Turks did invade the Emperor, infract the Treaty then in  Force, and break the Peace; if they would have made a farther Peace, or prolong’d the League then in Force, and were obstructed by their espousing the Quarrel of the Hungarians; I would be glad to hear how these things can be less than the Cause of the War, and how the Hungarians, under these Circumstances, can be clear’d from being the occasion of the Turks making that horrible Devastation in Hungary, and for the Charge of bringing them down upon the Empire?
After these Gentlemen have clear’d them from being the first Authors of the War, they would do well to Answer for them, how they can be allow’d to Subject by Contract, the whole Kingdom of Hungary to a Tribute, and Engage with the Turks to be their Tributary Servants; as by the Articles mentioned in our Review, N˚ 66. and all this while Hungary was under the real Obedience of the Emperor? If this was not beginning the War, and being the first occasions of the Turks coming down upon the Empire, it will be very hard to fix any National Crime in the World.
’Twould be endless to repeat the various Capitulations between the Hungarians and the Turks, while yet the Truce was unbroken; the diligent endeavours used by the Hungarians, to engage the Turks in this War, which at last they were not to be embark’d in, till the Hungarians struck the finishing stroke, by selling themselves and their Posterity, Captives and Tributaries to the Turks.
From this time, ’tis visible, they acted by Concert, and by Mutual Stipulations; the Emperor, like a vanquish’d Prince, suing for Peace, was treated with Banter and Contempt; when he offer’d conditions to the Turks, they would not Treat, but with Liberty to assist the Hungarians; when he made Terms to the Hungarians, Count Teckely answer’d, he could not conclude without the Grand Visier.
All this while the Peace with the Emperor and the Turks remain’d; and all this while the Emperor continued his Endeavours at the Port, to prolong it; at last Teckely, by a solemn Deputation, solicits the Turks to that Treaty, which is mentioned before, yields the Kingdom to be Tributary; Conditions, that when Teckely’s Family is Extinct, they shall never Choose a King, but with the Approbation of the Turks, and earnestly solicit the Turks to bring a Force down, sufficient to give King Teckely Possession.
Persuant to this Treaty, the very next Spring 200000 Turks invaded the Empire, and so the War began.
Its worth these Gentlemens enquiry, what Measures these Hungarians took upon this Invasion; They did not content themselves to secure their Liberties and Religion, but they joyn’d with the Turks in all the horrible Devastations of invasive War; at the first appearance of the Grand Visier, Teckely waits upon him near Raab, to Concert the Operations of the Campaign, receives orders from him; 15000 of them, with Count Budiani, abandon the Emperor, and betray the Country to the Turks; and Count Teckely himself, following the Camp afterward, became the unhappy Executioner of Turkish Barbarity, on the Miserable Provinces of Stiria, Croatia, Austria, Moravia and Silefia; to the utmost of their Power, they furthered the Ruin of the German Empire, and the overthrow of all the Christian Powers, whether Protestant or Papist, that endeavoured its Relief: They assisted as much as in them lay, the Infidels in an attempt upon all Christendom, and gave their Assistance to Mahomet, to supplant the Christian Religion, and drive it out of Europe.
When even the Protestant Powers joyn’d with the Duke of Lorrain, to oppose the Turks, they found the Hungarians Malecontents always on the Frontiers; the Ruin of the Country, the Burnings and Destructions made on the Austrian Dominions, were generally the Work of these People, in Conjunction with the Tartars.
And this, as it is a Proceeding, which can never be justified from the Cause of Religion, so I cannot find, that the Protestants, tho’ they were after brought in to pay for all, were ever forward in this part of the Work; Blood, Fire, and Murther were never Protestant Principles; and the very Practice of these People was sufficient to tell the World what Principle they were of.
Some are weak enough to answer, that since the Turk has suffered the Protestants in his Dominion to live unmolested – As to Religion, it were therefore better to have all the Popish Countries under the Turks, and the Mahomet would be so much a better Master, than Louis XIV. that they would be very willing to see the Emperor, French King, King of Spain, Pope, and Italian Princes, suppress’d by the Turks, that the Protestant Religion may have its free Exercise; not doubting but that it would so easily prevail on the Minds of Men, that Turcism would sink, and vanish before it, and the Protestant Religion would force its own way.
These Gentlemen have a large Faith; and something of Kin it is to their Opinions who  give away what they have, because God can give them more; but as we are bound to act by Reason, and God has given it us for that end; such Men act more Faith than Discretion, the first is Preposterous, and the latter much about the Dimensions of that mariner’s forecast, who sunk his Ship to drown the Rats.
The Subject is something too serious to admit the Answer which this Notion deserves; the Principle it self is so horrid in its Original, and must be so Bloody and Terrible in its Execution, that I cannot attempt here to give it any Answer, but leave it to the first Conception of every ones Mind, where it cannot but meet with Horror and Contempt.
ADVICE from the Scandal. CLUB.
THE unusual strange Request of the following Letter, requiring a very particular Regard, the Society have thought fit to Recommend it to the World, among those Questions, in which they would be extremley glad any Gentleman would add their Opinions, either to strengthen or enlarge the Arguments on either hand.
VOS Exoro, hunc Mihi Magno Dolore Presso scrupulum Eximere virum, ab hinc Annis Tredecim Interfeci, & Animus me Sanguinis Imprasentiarum Accusat: Mortis Mihi fuit Instar. Quamuis est Mihi spes Magna Veniam obtinendi. Non ergo de Reatu in Conspectu Dei, sed de legis Satisfactione solicitus, & Eo me Redigit, ut quid Agam Nesciam. An in Legis Potestatem Meipsum Tradere Debeo vel non.
Non Dubito, quin vos Mihi ad Rogatum, serie & Peracute Responderitis, & sic Vos-ipsos Mihi Devincietis.
After some Debate about this Question, the Society came to the following Resolutions.
1. They allow, That in all Trespasses between man and Man, satisfaction is to be made to Man.
2. That whereas some Crimes carry a double Guilt, a Trespass against Man, and an Offence against God; ’tis allow’d, that there is required, not only a Repentance of the latter, but a Satisfaction of the former; and that unless both these are found together, any one of them will be found incompleat.
But in the Case of Blood, Divine Justice has directed, that the Life of the Offender shall go for the Offence, as well In Terrorem, as to signify, that no Equivalent being to be given for the Life of a Man, the Offender is to Pay the Mulct of his own Life, as a general Satisfaction, both to the Person injur’d, and the Law broken.
In Case of Private Trespass, Repentance can not be Compleat, unless Satisfaction be made, according to the Ability of the Offender.
But as to the Law, the Case may differ; the Law inflicts a Punishment on the Offender, if he shall be Taken, but does by no means oblige the Criminal to detect himself.
The old Maxim, Nemo Tenetur seipsum Accursare, is allow’d by the Law in all Cases, as well of Blood as any other.
Now as to Private Satisfaction, the Offender cannot be in a Capacity to make any Compensation equivalent to the Life of the Person, who has been destroy’d; he can do nothing to make up the loss of the Life he took away; the satisfaction the Law requires, he cannot make, without abandoning his own Life, breaking the Law of Nature, and acting Self-Accusation.
The Society therefore are of Opinion, he is not bound to give himself up to the Law – because the Law requires no Man to accuse himself, and they judge his Repentance may be compleat without it, if otherwise sincere; because he makes Satisfaction according to his Ability, no Man being able to make Satisfaction for Blood.
One thing they think he is oblig’d to, as a Satisfaction to the Family of the Deceased; if he left either Widow or children, they think he is bound, if able, to take Care, Assist, and if need be, to Provide for them; he having depriv’d them of the Staff of their Substance, and violently taken from them, him that would have Provided for them.
Thro’ the hurry of the Press, the following Errors pass’d in our last; which we desire the candid Reader to Correct and Excuse. Pag. 282. Lin. 6. after Answers dele (,) after to add (,); l. 17. read of Esseck; l. 20 after Epirus add (,);  after Provinces dele 9, 0; l. 28. dele when; l. 37, 38. for Cause of it, read Principal; l. 42. r. the Grand Seignior; l. 47. r. Devices, ib. r. Devotees; ib. r. Quality of; col. 2. l. 11. r. Belgrade; l. 14. r. Successes; Pag. 283. l 5. r. ons; l. 3. from the Bottom, r. refinedly; Col. 2. in Scan. Club. L. 5. r. 6. l. 13. r. are equal; l. 24. r. Incentive; l. 30. r. was not.
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