Iran’s Nuclear Program
Venter, Al J. Irans nuclear option: Tehran’s quest for the atom bomb. Philadelphia: Casemate Publ., 2005.
It is a hard proposition to not see Iran as being a threat to regional and world peace as a nuclear-capable nation. the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction is always an issue that affects the entire world. the middle-east remains to this day a fragmented and dangerous region. the Iranian Government sees Israel, The United Staes, Arabia, and Bahrain to mention but a few, as direct threats to the national security and interests of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The latest effort to curve the Iranian nuclear program is The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action or JCPOA. this agreement between Iran and the United States, Russia, and other European countries aims at the limitation and stalling of the Iranian Nuclear Program. This agreement has set a goal of 10 to 15-year delay of the Iranian acquisition of a Nuclear weapon. However, this plan must also be reinforced by an array of diplomatic, economic, and military tools by the United States and her allies.
The aftermath of the Arab Spring has left a power vacuum that pits opposing Middle-Eastern leaders, ideologies, and interests against each other. This competition is spearheaded by an array of diplomatic, direct and covert military, intelligence and monetary support. the ultimate price is total regional dominance and influence. However, the use of all of these tools in conjunction with the arming of nonstate regional groups vying for power has weakened current states such as Syria, Iraq, and Egypt. The current covert confrontation between Iran and Saudi Arabi has sent ripples throughout the middle-east. The fear of a nuclear arm Iran could send the Saudi Government into a Nuclear development program of their own. That would dramatically change the power structure of the area and could possibly catapult a new nuclear arms race in the region. However, the Iranian nuclear program can actually be traced back to the 1950s. This program was initiated as part of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s Atoms for Peace initiative. at the time the Iranian march to democracy was firm and on its way. Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh was the driving force behind this movement. Until Mosaddegh declared the Nationalisation of the oil industry the United States supported the Tehran nuclear research program. the first nuclear reactor was declared operational as long ago as 1967. U.S. and Western European support for Iran’s development of civilian nuclear technology continued until the Islamic revolution of 1979. so, the development of the Iranian Nuclear Program was far from a solo activity. It was sponsored by the United States and the West until the Iranian Revolution.
In reflection, the Iranian Nuclear program has become a necessity for the Iranian Government. the regional power struggle has been a direct byproduct of the Arab Spring and the U.S. intervention in Iraq. Saudi Arabia and other Middle-Eastern countries could become involved in an arms race where nuclear weapons could become the main price. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) has emplaced restrictions on Iran’s ability to produce a nuclear weapon in the next 10 to 15 years. U.S. policy in the region must also include independent action on all levels of political, economic and military options in order to enforce the JCPOA sanctions. Finally, Iran has been emboldened in its meddling in Middle Eastern geopolitical affairs by its perceived or real nuclear capabilities.