Blog # 8 Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Background and His Roles as a President

 Background of the president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi:

Abdel-Fattah Said Hussein Khalil Sisi, born on 19 November 1954, is the sixth and current President of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Supreme Commander of the Egyptian Armed Forces. He was elected for four years after his success in the 2014 presidential elections. Since 12 August 2012 until his resignation on 26 March 2014 to run for president.

Military Qualification:
He began his military career in 1970 as a student at the secondary air school.
He graduated from the Egyptian Military Academy in 1977 with a bachelor’s degree.
He earned a master’s degree from the College of Command and Staff in 1987.
He earned a master’s degree from the College of Command and Staff British in 1992 the same specialty.
He received a fellowship from the Higher War College Nasser Higher Military Academy in 2003.
Fellowship of the College received a US Supreme War in 2006.

His career:
Head of Information and Security Branch of the General Secretariat of the Ministry of Defense.
Commander of a mechanized infantry battalion.
Extension defense of Saudi Arabia.
Commander of a mechanized infantry brigade.
Commander of the mechanized infantry brigade (2nd division).
Chief of Staff of the northern military region.
Commander of the Northern Military Region.
Director of military intelligence and reconnaissance.
General Commander of the Armed Forces and Minister of Defense.
President of the Arab Republic of Egypt.


Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Road to The Presidency:

During the period of the rule of the Military Council:
The youngest members of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces not by his choice of office. He was the first to confirm that, in March 2011, members of the military police conducted what the media knew as virginity, saying it was justified; it protects girls from rape and protects soldiers from rape charges.

During the period of President Mohamed Morsi
On August 12, 2012, then President Mohamed Morsi issued a decree to upgrade the Sisi from the rank of brigadier general to the rank of the first team and appoint him as Minister of Defense and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, replacing Mohamed Hussein Tantawi, then head of military intelligence and reconnaissance. The Freedom and Justice Party at that time considered him a defense minister with the flavor of revolution.

During the period of President Adli Mansour
On January 27, 2014, he was promoted to the rank of Marshal of the decision of President Adli Mansour, was preceded by a meeting of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces announced that it agreed with the “popular mandate” to the Minister of Defense and then Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to run for the presidency. On 26 March 2014 officially announced his resignation from office and run for the presidential elections, after a meeting of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces attended by President Adli Mansour, and has during an upgrade team Sidqi Subhi to the first team and his appointment as defense minister Khalifa Cisse in the next day.

Candidacy for the Presidency:
On March 26, 2014, Abdul Fattah al-Sisi announced his resignation as Minister of Defense and was officially nominated in the presidential elections. In April of that year, he submitted his candidacy papers, which included some 188 thousand power of attorney. After the closure of the candidacy Will be between Sisi and Hamdeen Sabahi only in the elections held in May 2014 with the participation of Egyptians inside and outside Egypt. Sisi won 96.9% of the vote.





The controversy to him is when he Won the Egyptian presidential elections held at the end of May 2014 by 96.1% according to data issued by the Electoral Commission and questioned by many parties, both in terms of the size of participation or the percentage of winning.It was interesting that the government media, as well as the opposition, reported a very low turnout in the first two days, prompting the committee to extend the vote to a third day, eventually producing a much larger result than appeared in the media.During the first year of his rule, he faced major economic and political crises. While his supporters, especially those working on private channels, defended his ruling, experts believe that the Egyptian economy collapsed during the Sisi era and became dependent on the aid of Gulf states. And services in an attempt to bridge the deficit.

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