President Sadat signed the Camp David agreement with Israel, On November 19, 1977, President Sadat took his decision, which caused a stir in the Arab world by visiting Jerusalem, in order to push the wheel of peace between the Israelites. In 1978, he traveled to the United States to negotiate land recovery and peace as a legitimate requirement for each country. During this trip, the Camp David Peace Agreement was signed under the auspices of President Jimmy Carter. The Camp David peace treaty between Egypt and Israel was signed by US President Jimmy Carter and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin. The agreement is a framework for negotiation consisting of two agreements: the first framework for a unilateral peace agreement between Egypt and Israel, and the second on principles for comprehensive Arab peace in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and the Golan Heights.
The first agreement ended with the signing of the 1979 Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty, in which Israel worked to return the occupied Egyptian territories to Egypt.
He has been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize jointly with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin for their tireless efforts to achieve peace in the Middle East.
By 1981, the government had carried out a wide-scale campaign of arrests, including Islamic organizations, Coptic church officials, writers, journalists, leftist and liberal thinkers. The number of detainees in Egyptian prisons reached 1,536, following signs of popular unrest and discontent with Israel and the country’s economic policies.
On October 6, 1981, he was assassinated at a military parade on the anniversary of the October War. He was assassinated by the Islamic Jihad( Muslim Brotherhood), which was strongly opposed to the peace agreement with Israel. They shot Sadat, wounding him with a bullet in the neck and a bullet in the head. Chest and a bullet in his heart which led to his death.
The Arab countries did not respond favorably to his visit to Israel, and the Arab countries worked to boycott Egypt and suspend its membership in the Arab League. It decided to transfer the permanent headquarters of the Arab League from Cairo to Tunis. This was at the Arab summit held in Baghdad at the invitation of Iraqi President Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr, which resulted in the appeal of the Egyptian president to reverse his decision of a unilateral peace with Israel, which would harm Arab solidarity and lead to the strengthening and domination of Israel and its penetration into Arab life and its monopoly on the Palestinian people. dedpite the Arab countries negative relationship position with Al Sadat, he got assassinated by Islamic Jihadist regard his relations with Israel.