Blog #2: Struggle for Power under the First President

Mohamed Naguib

Mohamed Naguib Askari, Egyptian politician and first president of the Republic of Egypt. He remained in power only a short time after the proclamation of the Republic. He was removed by Gamal Abdel Nasser’s Revolutionary Command Council and placed under house arrest for 30 years. His name was removed from history books and textbooks.

Important dates during Naguib era:

  • The first president of the Republic of Egypt after the termination of the property and the declaration of the Republic.
  • He participated in the 1948 war, and despite his great rank (brigadier-general)
  • After the 1948 war, Naguib returned to Cairo as commander of the officers’ school
  • Revolutionary Command Council decides to remove from the post of Naguib the presidency of the Republic

 

Reflection:

I was very surprised, because there are a variety of  achievements during Naguib era. Despite the prominent political and historical role of Muhammad Naguib, after his overthrow from the presidency, his name was removed from the documents, all records and books, and his appearance or appearance was completely banned for thirty years until many Egyptians thought he had died.
Also it bothered me a little bit that It was mentioned in the documents and books that Abdel Nasser is “the first president of Egypt,” and this continued until the late eighties when he returned to appear after his death and restored decorations for his family, and called his name on some installations and streets. For example, a lot of people hates Mr. president Donald Trump, but you cant erasing his achievements.

 

 

Members of the Revolutionary Command Council

The Revolutionary Command Council was formed following the success of the July 23 Revolution and the departure of King Farouk I of Egypt and Sudan to the land of Egypt on the Egyptian Navy’s Yacht Al Mahrousa. The Revolution Command Council expelled King Farouk, citing the administrative corruption that spread in the country in its later days Ministries to the extent of selling ministries to those who pay more. The Council was formed to manage the affairs of the country alongside the Trusteeship Council on the throne of King Ahmed Fouad II, but soon the Council was isolated by virtue of Egypt after the abolition of property and the declaration of the Republic.

  • Decisions were issued focusing on the need to convene an assembly to discuss and approve the new constitution.
  • ¬†Abolition of martial law, censorship of newspapers and the release of all political detainees.
  • Muhammad Naguib was defeated in the Battle of March 1954.

 

 

 

Reflection:

its interesting to that Muhammad Naguib took the blame for the¬†defeats in the battle of March 1954 and Nasser strongly opposed Naguib’s resignation, fearing that demonstrations would erupt. Some see that the March crisis was not just a public struggle for power between Muhammad Naguib and the members of the Revolutionary Command Council. The crisis was even more profound. It was a struggle between two different directions that demanded democracy and a healthy parliamentary life in accordance with the sixth principle of the revolution. while others see that the crisis was just a power struggle between Mohammed Naguib and Gamal Abdel Nasser. I think after all Nasser was looking further by being a precedent.

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