Seminar VISU: Blog #1


Part 1

  1. The main point of article #1 is to express how artists are starting to have a bigger role in entrepreneurship. Artists have qualities that every entrepreneur should also have.
  2. The main point of article #2 is very similar to the first article, however it emphasizes the importance of artists and entrepreneurs finding the right partners who will help them grow.
  3. Something that artist can learn from their “entrepreneurial cousins” is that their journey as artists is a team sport. They should find partners who will help them succeed as artists. This is tough for artists since they often view themselves as independent.
  4. I do agree that artists are entrepreneurs because they have to work for their audience and adjust to the market. Just as entrepreneurs, artists learn how to deal with life in order to keep creating their work. Both of them are responsible for creating new things and ideas.
  5. The characteristic that I agree most with is how artists rely on their intuition. When an artist is in the process of making their piece of art, they simply follow with whatever feels right. Sometimes you can’t force your art to take a certain direction. The piece of art might take another direction, and an artist has to follow along.
  6. I would like to add to the list that artists also learn how to deal with failure. In fact, with every failure they learn something new. They are criticized by their audience, but that is just part of their work.
  7. I had never thought of artists as entrepreneurs. However, during the past few days I’ve read several articles of that topic. My way of thinking has completely changed, with every evidence given it makes sense how artists are similar as entrepreneurs. Additionally, I find it particularly interesting since in my country people believe that pursuing a career in the art department is a waste of time.


Part 2

  1. I do have grit, my grit score was 5. I believe this is something I learned on two previous occasions: when learning ballet and when becoming a straight A’s student. When I began 8th grade, I decided I wanted to change. I wanted to be one of those straight A students. I began studying every single day for tests. I did my homework before the due date. Even though some classes were tougher than other, I managed to graduate with a 4.o GPA, which is something I’m extremely proud for. For ballet, I began dancing when I was 13 years old (which is way too old). I had absolutely no flexibility or knowledge of ballet terms. I went to class from Monday through Friday, three hours per day. With my determination, I was able to become the best in my class. I became flexible, and knew almost every ballet term.
  2. One of the things I had to remind myself was to never give up. I believe that in order to increase your grit you should always set achievable goals, and increase them once you achieve them. Try to keep your eyes on the prize as they say, and remember to always work hard. There are absolutely no excuses. With this mindset, I believe anyone can increase their grit.

Creativity and Making: Tan

The purpose of this Ted Talk was to explore how we create things. Tan mentions how the answer to this are questions. By questioning everything and using our imagination, we are able to create things.

Personally, I had a teacher who taught us that we should question everything including our beliefs. This made me think about everything I believe in. Could it all be true? Is there a way to prove it? Sadly, most of the times we can’t prove it. That’s why we believe things, because we don’t have a way to prove them. If we could, then they would become facts rather than beliefs. We are faced with uncertainty throughout our whole lives. I’m Christian, yet I often find myself wondering why do I believe in the things I do.

On the other hand, I do agree that by posing questions and starting to imagine things the product will be the creation of something. However, if I think about art work, I believe that feelings can also have a role on our process of creating things. For example, Yayoi Kusama portrayed her feelings of her mental disease through her paintings. Or Edvard Munch’s painting of The Scream, which portray his feelings of madness.

Thus, I believe that posing questions do take a big toll on the process of creating things, however that isn’t the only thing. Our emotions, imagination, and posing questions are all necessary to create new things.

Creativity and Making: Kiwanuka

This song has more meaning in it than the songs we’re used to hearing on an everyday basis. Growing up in Honduras, racial segregation was never an issue. I first became aware of it in history class. Some people believe that racial segregation doesn’t exist, or believe that it’s just an excuse (yes, I’ve heard people say this). However, I believe that our human nature tells us that something isn’t real unless we have experienced it. Kiwanuka’s song has a deeper meaning, and this is a message he was trying to express.

I would like to point out how in the songs it seems as if he has given up. There is nothing left to pray or hope for. He is simply admitting that racial segregation is in fact an issue. However, he is used to it. There is nothing he can do about it, and he has to live through it every single day. I believe that in order to portray this sense of repetition of his everyday life with this issue the chorus is the same sentence all over again “I’m a black man in a white world”. Because this line is repeated throughout the whole song, this gives us a sense of continuity and repetition.

This issue reminds me of the phrase “Ignorance is bliss.” For example, if a close-minded person has never battled through depression, they might question the existence of it. The same way, people who don’t struggle with racial segregation on a daily basis will have nothing to worry about. I believe that the artist is trying to convey how he is used to having to deal with this issue every day.

Creativity and Making: Brakhage

This is one of the most interesting pieces I’ve ever seen. To begin with, this piece doesn’t express itself. Thus, it is up to the audience to capture what they see. Personally, this reminds me of various things such as the cosmos. The images that flash through our eyes visually portray the cosmos. It’s a beautiful artistic representation of them.

When first watching this film, I felt baffled. Quickly, it was followed by the feeling of anxiousness. Because of the way this film was made, the images flashing doesn’t allow you to fully know what you’re seeing. This almost forces you to pause the video on every single new shot just to see the full image. Once you’re able to watch the short film without stopping, your eyes take an important toll on this stage. At the same time your eyes are trying to sort out every image, your mind is also trying to decipher what’s going on. Since there isn’t enough time to see the full image, your mind starts to play around. You can even start to imagine seeing certain things. For example, recently I re-watched the show American Horror Story: Freak Show. Thus, I started seeing the faces of clowns. This also reminded me of was of the famous Rorschach Inkblot Test. As I mentioned previously, your mind starts to guess what the images represent.

To conclude, there is a certain fascination to cosmos. Brakhage was able to portray it perfectly. Having the short film without a sound does give it more meaning to it. This happens because it makes you focus on one thing: the flashing of the images. Your full attention is devoted to them, which is why your mind starts wandering trying to decipher what your eyes are seeing.

Creativity and Making: Hara

Kenya Hara talks about design and its origins on this article. I found interesting how design was defined as “an acknowledgement of our own living world through the making of things and through communication” (411). If you take this definition into consideration, then why was design according to history created only 150 years ago? I personally don’t agree with this, despite it being part of history. If you take that definition into consideration, design was created ever since mankind could walk. When they started making wheels, they were designing an object that would facilitate their hard work and would eventually serve as a transportation method. Additionally, every tool created by mankind is a design because they are basically creating new things.

Furthermore, I do agree that us humans find more value in those designs which are intricately made rather than minimalistic ones. Even though I do agree with that, it doesn’t mean that I support it. Minimalist art can sometimes have more value than complex ones because they make use of little patterns or elements but can somehow manage to capture your attention and at the same time to express an idea or a deeper meaning.

On the other hand, technology has taken a huge part on our society. We function and go through our daily lives surrounded by it. I believe that it may be evolving a little too fast, which can not only cause unreliability but also confusion. We discussed in class how a photographer can have his or her own intentions when taking a photograph, but the camera may have other intentions. I believe this also applies with the usage of computers and their software, like stated in the article, we should use the computer as a material not as a tool. For example, one may have taken an amazing photography, yet that person feels compelled to edit it. Sometimes it’s best to leave photographs as they are.

To conclude, the article mentioned how the purpose of design shouldn’t be to awe an audience, but instead it should involve original ideas that grow out of our everyday lives. It’s the simplest of things that can be transformed into masterpieces. I consider that design was created even before than what history tells us.

Creativity and Making: Pink

First of all, I agree with the entire excerpt which is a first. Coming from Honduras, studying graphic design sounded bizarre for many people. I would be submerged by questions like “You won’t be able to get a job”, “Do you believe you will succeed in life as a graphic designer?” and the worst of all was “Why don’t you study business administration?” I deeply desire having all of those people read this excerpt.

Furthermore, I certainly do agree that MFA is the new MBA. The number of student pursuing a degree in the area of fine arts has increased dramatically. I believe that having a career in this area is helpful. For example, graphic designers will always be needed in a company. Companies do realize that since there are many markets selling their same product they need to devise a new plan. This plan will be to manage their marketing in a visually and physically beautiful manner. This way they will be able to attract new customers. This is also why, as mentioned in the excerpt, companies prefer to hire those who have high concept and high touch abilities.

Additionally, as this growth continues, there are many changes in this new era. I remember taking the SAT, which wasn’t worth all of those late-night study sessions. For a creative person like me, the SAT doesn’t fully capture my abilities. Personally, I had never heard of the Rainbow Project. If the situation were reversed and I would’ve taken that project, my qualities and fortes would’ve been portrayed in a better manner.

In conclusion, this has been my favorite article to read mostly because I relate to it the most. I do believe that the art industry has grown tremendously over the past couple of years. Because of this, the numbers have changed and there are more students pursuing a degree related to art. Having a creative mind nowadays has more value than having mathematic skills. We evolved from farmers, to workers using knowledge, to creators and now to meaning makers. There is only one doubt on my mind: what will be the next evolution?


According to Vilém Flusser, there is a big discrepancy between those who believe pictures show the world exactly how it is and those who don’t. Although I do consider my eyes naïve to the art of photography, I personally believe that some photographs do aim to depict the world as it is. Not all photographs have a deeper underlying message they want to convey. We make use of certain images in order to share our own experiences and tell a story with other people. Or perhaps the photographer simply captured a comical event.

However, with that being said, some photographers do use their photographs in order to create an everlasting memory of themselves. Typically, we use photographs as a mean of self-expression. They can express a thought, a memory, or even a viewpoint. It does require great skill, not only from the person trying to read the photograph, but also from the photographer itself.

In a world divided by black and white versus colored pictures, I understand why photographers make use of black and white pictures in order to distinctly portray the underlying message conveyed in the picture. The usage of black and white pictures separates things, allowing us to focus on things we otherwise wouldn’t.

Tying to decode the message of something is endless. For example, decoding a poem is something exhausting, since one will never be entirely sure if that was what the author meant. Also, the camera’s intentions can be different from the those of the photographer. I believe a skilled photographer will use a camera in a way that it will support their intentions.

To conclude, I do believe photographs are a medium of communication. Nonetheless, they can also simply portray an image of the world as it is. It merely depends on the intentions of the photographer and how skilled they are. Depending on what their message is, they can make use of black and white pictures to emphasize certain aspect of the photograph.

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